The Higher Education System of West Bengal is controlled and guided by two major units of the Government.
Technical Education forms a third component in the system as shown in the figure below
The Figure shows the types of colleges in the Education system of West Bengal. However the Education Directorate has the responsibility of General Degree Colleges, Teachers’ Training Colleges (including B.Ed., M.Ed. and Physical Education colleges) and Law Colleges.
There are two broad categories of colleges under the administrative control of the Higher Education Department –
Government colleges are those that are entirely controlled by the Government of West Bengal. Teaching staff selection is done through the West Bengal Public Service Commission which advertises and recommends the names of the selected candidates. The Education Directorate proposes the place of posting as the West Bengal Education Service (WBES) and West Bengal Senior Education Service (WBSES) are transferable services.
Government-Aided colleges including sponsored colleges are under the pay packet scheme of the West Bengal Government. The salary of teachers of these colleges is financed by the State government. The teaching staff are selected by the West Bengal College Service Commission which is an autonomous body and the appointments are given by the Governing Bodies of the respective colleges. During the last few years, several private colleges have also been established on a self-financed basis which are totally privately funded and operated.
|No. of Government, Government – Aided & Self Financed Colleges in West Bengal|
|Sl. No.||Type of College||No.|
|1||Government General Degree College||46|
|2||Government –Aided General Degree College||433|
|3||Government Teachers’ Training College||07|
|4||Government – Aided Teachers’ Training College||17|
|5||Government Physical Education College||4|
|6||Government – Aided Physical Education College||3|
|7||Self Financed General Degree College||29|
|8||Self Financed B.Ed. College||324|
|9||Self Financed Physical Education College||08|
|10||Government Engineering College||08|
|11||Self Financed Engineering College (including 10 Pharmacy College)||84|
|12||Self Financed MBA College||45|
|13||Self Financed MCA College||39|
|14||Self Financed Hotel Management College||03|